sensory disorder

What are Sensory Disorder Signs in children? Is sensory integration a solution?

Sensory disturbance, or what is known as sensory integration disorder: It is a developmental disorder that arises when the brain cannot properly process the sensory inputs to the body; In order to provide appropriate responses to the requirements of the surrounding environment. Sensory problems lie in the inability of the senses to perform the function they were created for, which ranges from excessive sensitivity, or excessive weakness in the human senses, either visual, auditory, tactile, taste, olfactory, or vestibular sense and balance in humans.

Sensory disorder occurs as a result of a defect that affects the human brain, which constitutes 5-13% of children. And 70% of those are children with autism disorder.

Studies have proven that autism is a sensory disorder, as the proportion of children on the autism spectrum who suffer from sensory disorders is 42% around the world [1]. A person diagnosed with a sensory disorder needs treatment or rehabilitation with a sensory integration program in a multi-sensory environment, such as the sensory room, and performing psycho-motor exercises; To increase his sense of himself and his body in the void. Therefore, sensory disturbance is called a hidden disorder that does not show explicit symptoms on its owner.

 

Sensory Overload Experience 

 

Signs of sensory disorder

There are some signs of a sensory disturbance. It can affect one sense or all of the senses together. The patient shows one or more specific symptoms that indicate an excessive sensory response. The most important of them: the child avoids touching some things such as fabrics and food. In addition to avoiding being in noisy places and refusing to engage in normal activities, including skin contact such as kissing and cuddling. And some people with this disorder have a sleep disorder. Where they wake up with slight sounds because of sensory overload. Also, they find it difficult to calm themselves, because of the constant pressure.

النموذج الرباعي للاضطراب الحسي

While children with a lack of response have extreme difficulty waking up, they do not perceive pain quickly and they have trouble hearing and responding to sounds around them. There is a condition called sensory craving in which children are constantly trying to make annoying noises, jumping, climbing and smashing things.

sensory integration

Sensory integration is a neural process that expresses the processing of different sensory inputs inside the brain, and the appropriate response to these inputs in a correct manner. Touch, deep touch, vestibular sensation, and deep sensation in the joints are the most important sensory inputs that are being worked on; To stimulate it to reach the child to sensory integration. This is done using sensory room tools.

The importance of sensory integration lies in increasing interaction with the environment and others and acquiring many skills, and it mainly affects the nervous system through increasing nervous maturity and active neurofeedback.

Children’s sensory integration is stimulated by following a specific protocol with them during the treatment sessions. The sensory room provides an environment in which the child or adult can control the sensory inputs, and adjust them to be suitable for each person individually.

Specialists use many systems that help in sensory stimulation of children with sensory disturbance, the most prominent of which is the sensory box system. It is considered a basic sensory input for children as it enables the specialist to control the environment surrounding the child to suit his condition and need for sensory input, so the room lighting color is changed to suit him, and work To stimulate their sense of touch, hearing, sight and pronunciation.

Therefore, sensory disturbance is common among children, and its symptoms may vary according to the type of disease, as it may affect one sense or several senses together, and early intervention and treatment must be expedited through sensory integration in the sensory room and occupational therapy. Have you noticed on yourself or any of your children some symptoms of sensory disturbance?

References

  1. باوكاد. اسراء. 2018. اضطرابات المعالجة الحسية لدى الأطفال ذوي اضطراب طيف التوحد.
  2. عزازي. أحمد. 2017. فعالية برنامج العلاج الوظيفي في خفض بعض الاضطرابات الحسية لدى الأطفال ذوي اضطراب التوحد
  3. بن بوزيد. مريم. 2017. التكامل الحسي وطرق التكفل بالطفل التوحدي
  4.  Carly’s Café – Experience Autism Through Carly’s Eyes
  5. أدريس. هند. 2021. تأثير الاضطرابات الحسية وتدخلات العلاج الحسي على الأشخاص ذوي الإعاقة الفکرية: مراجعة منهجية
  6. Butera. Christiana.2020. Impact of Sensory Processing on School Performance Outcomes in High Functioning Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
  7. Lucy Jane Miller, Sharon Milberger, Daniel N McIntosh. 2004. Prevalence of parents’ perceptions of sensory processing disorders among kindergarten children.